Training for Water Professionals

Montana Ground Water Manual

 

This is the original Montana-specific version of
the "Ground Water Manual" published in 1999
in Adobe PDF format.

To view the new "National" Ground Water Manual
and interactive training program check out Operator Basics 2005.



Montana Ground Water Manual (5.9 MB ZIP - Compressed WINZIP file that minimizes file size for this all-in-one download.)

The manual contains all of the individual documents listed below:

   
Manual Cover (136 kb PDF)
   
Introduction and Table of Contents (305 kb PDF)
   
Chapter 1: Introduction to Public Water Supplies (222 kb PDF)
1.1 What is a Public Water Supply System?
1.2 Types of Public Water Supply Systems?
1.3 Purpose of Public Water Supply Systems
1.4 Operator Certification Program
   1.4.1 Operator Responsibilities
   1.4.2 Continuing Education
   
Chapter 2: Public Water Supply System Regulations (323 kb PDF)
2.1 Introduction to Montana Public Water Supply System Regulations
2.2 Purpose of Public Water Supply System Regulations
2.3 Water System Plan and Specification Review and Approval
2.4 Monitoring and Reporting
   2.4.1 Microbiological Quality Monitoring and Reporting
   2.4.2 Chemical Contaminant Monitoring and Reporting
2.5 Monitoring Schedules
2.6 Sample Collection and Analysis
2.7 Public Notification
2.8 Public Water Supply System Annual Fees
2.9 Other State Requirements
   2.9.1 Cross Connection Control
   2.9.2 Uniform Plumbing Code and State Amendments
   2.9.3 Uniform Fire Code and State Amendments
   2.9.4 Excavation and Trench Safety
   
Chapter 3: Ground Water Basics (731 kb PDF)
3.1 Hydrologic Cycle
3.2 Types of Aquifers
3.3 Ground Water Movement
   3.3.1 Aquifer Characteristics
   3.3.2 Well Pumping
   3.3.3 Recharge of Aquifers
   3.4 Water Chemistry Basics
   
Chapter 4: Source Water Protection (166 kb PDF)
4.1 Types of Ground Water Sources
   4.1.1 Wells, Springs, Infiltration Galleries, Horizontal Wells
   4.1.2 GWUDISW
4.2 Ground Water Contamination
   4.2.1 Biological Contaminants
   4.2.2 Chemical Contaminants
4.3 Multiple Barrier Concept
4.4 Source Water Protection Program
   
Chapter 5: Well Construction and Components (756 kb PDF)
5.1 Information and Records
   5.1.1 Water Rights
   5.1.2 Well Log Reports
5.2 Well Construction
   5.2.1 Soil and Water Bearing Formations
   5.2.2 Well Depth and Casing Depth
   5.2.3 Casing Type and Size
   5.2.4 Perforated Intervals and Screens
   5.2.5 Grouting and Sealing
   5.2.6 Important Terminology
   5.2.7 Test Pumping
   5.2.8 Pitless Adapters, Well Caps, Well Seals and Vents
5.3 Site Considerations and Location
   5.3.1 Well Location
   5.3.2 Drainage Around a Well
   5.3.3 Well Pits
   5.3.4 Well Slabs
   5.3.5 Pump Power Cable Installation
   5.3.6 Yard Hydrants
5.4 Artesian Wells
5.5 Well Abandonment
5.6 Well Pumps and Other Equipment
   5.6.1 Pump Types
   5.6.2 System Equipment
   5.6.3 Plumbing a Pump Station
   5.6.4 Electrical Safety
   5.7 Pressure Tanks
5.8 Well and Pump Maintenance
   5.8.1 Routine Pump and Well Maintenance
   5.8.2 Troubleshooting Declining Yield
   
Chapter 6: Ground Water Treatment (694 kb PDF)
6.1 Disinfection
   6.1.1 Chlorination
      a. Forms of Chlorine
      b. Full-time Disinfection
      c. Periodic or Emergency Disinfection
         i. Wells
         ii. Distribution lines
         iii. Storage tanks
         iv. Substituting hypochlorite for gas chlorine
      d. Chlorine Safety
   6.1.2 Ultra Violet light (UV)
   6.1.3 Other Disinfectants
      a. Ozone
      b. Mixed Oxidants
      c. Chlorine Dioxide
6.2 Treatment for Common Problems
   6.2.1 Nitrates
   6.2.2 Iron and Manganese
   6.2.3 Taste and Odor
   6.2.4 Sulfate/Sulfide
   6.2.5 Fluoride
   6.2.6 Sand/Sediment (cartridge filtration)
   6.2.7 Corrosivity
   6.2.8 Hardness
   
Chapter 7: Distribution Systems (766 kb PDF)
7.1 System Components
   7.1.1 Piping Materials (AWWA/NSF standards)
   7.1.2 Valves
   7.1.3 Pressure Regulators
   7.1.4 Fire Hydrants
   7.1.5 Storage Reservoirs
   7.1.6 Bulk Water Fill Stations
   7.1.7 Booster Stations
   7.1.8 Looped Systems and Dead-End Mains
   7.1.9 Leak Detection Program
7.2 System Pressure and Basic Hydraulics
   7.2.1 System Pressure
   7.2.2 Hydraulics
      a. Quantity and Velocity
      b. Pressure Head
      c. Frictional Loss
7.3 Construction and Repair
   7.3.1 Minimum Separation Distances
   7.3.2 Thrust Blocks
   7.3.3 Preventing Contamination
   7.3.4 System Repairs
7.4 Preventative Maintenance
   7.4.1 Record-keeping
   7.4.2 Hydrants
   7.4.3 Valves
   7.4.4 Storage Tanks
   
Chapter 8: Cross Connections and Backflow Prevention (453 kb PDF)
8.1 Cross Connections and Backflow Defined
   8.1.1 Back Siphonage
   8.1.2 Back Pressure
8.2 Public Health Significance
   8.2.1 Low Hazard
   8.2.2 Health Hazard
8.3 Types of Cross Connection Control
   8.3.1 Containment
   8.3.2 Isolation
8.4 Types of Approved Backflow Preventers
   8.4.1 Air Gap
   8.4.2 Atmospheric Vacuum Breaker and Hose Bibb Vacuum Breaker
   8.4.3 Pressure Vacuum Breaker Assembly
   8.4.4 Double Check Valve Assembly
   8.4.5 Reduced Pressure Principal Assembly
   8.4.6 Specialty Valves
   8.4.7 Methods, Devices, Assemblies Defined
8.5 General Installation Requirements
8.6 Thermal Expansion
8.7 Inspection and Testing
8.8 Typical Small System Cross Connections
8.9 Managing and Reporting Backflow Events
8.10 Cross Connection Control Plans
   
Chapter 9: Safety for System Operators (281 kb PDF)
9.1 Program
9.2 Electrical Safety
9.3 Chemical Safety
9.4 Chemical Storage and Handling
9.5 Storage of Flammable Chemicals
9.6 Chlorine Safety
9.7 Traffic Control
9.8 Shoring/Trenching
9.9 Confined Space
9.10 Fire Safety
9.11 First Aid
9.12 Personal Hygiene and Protective Clothing
9.13 Lifting
   
Chapter 10: Emergency Planning (316 kb PDF)
10.1 Identification of Possible Disruption Threats
   10.1.1 System Security and Vandalism
   10.1.2 MT examples of what has happened
   10.1.3 Methods to Prevent Vandalism
10.2 Designation of an Emergency Coordinator
10.3 Equipment and Material Resources
10.4 Procedures to Shut Down the Well
10.5 Coordination Procedures
10.6 Procedures to Communicate with Water Users
10.7 Source of Emergency Water
10.8 Disinfection and Resumption of Water Service
10.9 Funds
10.10 Contracts
10.11 Contacts
   
Chapter 11: Water System Management (182 kb PDF)
11.1 Records Maintenance
11.2 Rate Structuring
11.3 Planning for the Future
11.4 Effective Communication
11.5 Consumer Confidence Report
11.6 Public Notification
11.7 Relief Operator
11.8 Economics of Public Water Systems
11.9 Important Contacts for the Small Water System Operator
   
Glossary (1.3 MB PDF)
   
Bibliography (108 kb PDF)
   
Index (130 kb PDF)
 

Documents in PDF format
require Adobe Acrobat Reader.

 



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